Chronology of St. Francis’ life.
1181 (Summer or Fall) Born in Assisi, baptized Giovanni di Pietro Bernardone, renamed Francesco by his father.
1199 – 1200 Civil War in Assisi. Many noble families flee to Perugia.
1202 (November) War between Perugia and Assisi. The latter is defeated at Collestrada. Francis spends a year in captivity (falls ill) until ransomed by his father.
1204 A long period of illness and convalescence.
1205 Francis sets out to join the army of Walter de Brienne. Returns after a vision and message in Spoleto. Beginning of a gradual period of conversion.
1205 (Fall) Message of the Crucifix at San Damiano, Conflict with his father.
1206 (January or February) Trial before the Bishop.
1206 (Spring) Francis nurses the lepers at Gubbio.
1206 (Summer) Returns to Assisi and begins to rebuild San Damiano; end of conversion process; (Summer to January or February) He repairs San Damiano, San Pietro della Spina and Our Lady of the Angels “Portiuncula”.
1208 (February 24) Francis hears the Gospel for the Feast of St. Matthias.
1208 (April 16) Bernard of Quintavalle and the priest, Peter Cattani join him. Others follow.
1208 – 1209 (Fall and Winter) Francis is assured of the pardon of his sins and the growth of his fraternity. They go out two by two to preach penance.
1209 They return to the Portiuncula and Francis writes a brief Rule for himself and his eleven friars. They receive the approval of Pope Innocent III in Rome. The friars return to Rivo Torto and then to the Portiuncula.
1212 (Palm Sunday night) Reception and investiture of St. Clare at the Portiuncula. After a stay with the Benedictine Nuns, Clare moves to San Damiano.
1215 Francis at Rome for the IV Lateran Council.
1216 Francis receives the Portiuncula Indulgence from Pope Honorius at Perugia
1217 (May 5 – Pentecost) General Chapter of all the friars at the Portiuncula. First mission outside Italy.
1219 (May 26) First friar missionaries leave for Morocco.
1219 (June 24) Francis sails for the Holy Land.
1219 (Fall) St. Francis meets with the Sultan.
1220 First Franciscan martyrs: the friars killed in Morocco.
1220 Cardinal Hugolino appointed Protector of the Order.
1220 Francis resigns as General Minister and friar Peter Cattani appointed.
1221 Peter Cattani dies and at Chapter Bro. Elias becomes the Vicar.
1221-1222 Francis goes on a preaching tour throughout Italy.
1223 Francis goes to Fonte Colombo to write the definitive Rule for the Order of Friars Minor. The Chapter discusses it and further changes are made until its approval by Pope Honorius III in November.
1223 The first Christmas Crib midnight Mass at Greccio.
1224 The long retreat of Francis at La Verna where he receives the Stigmata.