Author Archives: Dennis Mallon

About Dennis Mallon

Secular Franciscan of the Order Franciscan Seculars

LITANY FOR THE CONVERSION OF AMERICA

Invocations I
For Private Use.

Lord, have mercy.
Christ, have mercy.

Lord, have mercy. Christ, hear us.
Christ, graciously hear us.

God, the Father of Heaven,
have mercy on us.

God the Son, Redeemer of the World,
have mercy on us.

God the Holy Spirit,
have mercy on us.

Holy Trinity, One God,
have mercy on us.

Our Lady of America,
pray for us.

Immaculate Conception,
pray for us, sinners.

Our Lady of Guadalupe,
deliver us from all infanticide.

Our Lady of Fatima,
deliver us from the errors of Russia.

Our Lady, Queen of Martyrs
deliver us from spiritual sloth, undue curiosity and unease of mind.

Our Lady, Help of Christians,
deliver us from apostasy.

Our Lady of Refuge,
deliver us from Sodom.

Our Lady, Comfortress of the Afflicted,
deliver us from moral complacency.

Our Lady, Refuge of Sinners,
deliver us from a lack of shamefulness.

Our Lady, Health of the Weak,
deliver us from vain perceptions.

Our Lady, Morning Star,
deliver us from envy and avarice.

Our Lady, Gate of Heaven,
deliver us from impenitence.

Our Lady, Ark of the Covenant,
deliver us from constitutional manipulation.

Our Lady, House of Gold,
deliver us from unjust taxation.

Our Lady, Tower of Ivory,
deliver us from incompetent and corrupt leaders.

Our Lady, Tower of David,
deliver us from political scandals and malice.

Our Lady, Mystical Rose,
deliver us from all scandal and gossip.

Our Lady, Vessel of Singular Devotion,
deliver us from mindless entertainment.

Our Lady, Cause of Our Joy,
deliver us from needless self-pity and sadness.

Our Lady, Virgin Most Faithful,
deliver us from national dissolution and a loss of sovereignty.

Our Lady, Virgin Most Merciful,
deliver us from our own worst inclinations in compromise.

Our Lady, Virgin Most Renowned,
deliver us from the culture of celebrity.

Our Lady, Virgin Most Venerable,
deliver us from cultural depravity and perversion.

Our Lady, Mother of Our Redeemer,
deliver us from heresy and persecution.

Our Lady, Most Amiable,
deliver us from rudeness and incivility.

Our Lady, Mother Undefiled,
deliver us from the all social turpitude.

Our Lady, Mother Most Pure,
deliver us from immodesty in daily life.

Our Lady, Mother of Divine Grace,
deliver us from contraception, sterilization and experimentation.

Our Lady, Holy Mother of God,
deliver us from the rejection of fathers as just heads of families.

Our Lady, O Holy Mary,
deliver us from all blasphemy.

Our Lady of Prosperity,
deliver us from unjust wages and money speculation.

Our Lady of Prompt Succor,
deliver us from socialist tendencies.

Our Lady of Consolation
deliver us from fear and a lack of courage.

Our Lady of Good Counsel,
deliver us from the deceit of pride.

Our Lady of Good Succor,
deliver us from a lack of due vigilance.

Our Lady of the Dove,
deliver us from the schemes of rash and perilous dreamers.

Our Lady of Lourdes,
deliver us from medically induced suicide.

Our Lady of the Thorn,
deliver us from petty quarrels.

Our Lady of Victory,
deliver us from all lying and dissimulation.

Our Lady, Mediatrix of All Graces,
deliver us from lip service.

Our Lady of Tears,
deliver us from the removal of Christ the King in society.

Our Lady of Divine Providence,
deliver us from ego and false optimism.

Our Lady of Consolation,
deliver us from despair.

Our Lady of Good Remedy,
deliver us from the tyranny of the self-anointed and their ambitious.

Our Lady of Deliverance,
deliver us from broken families.

Our Lady of Confidence,
deliver us from imperial courts of sanctimony.

Our Lady of Mount Carmel,
deliver us from perjurious leaders.

Our Lady of Perpetual Help,
deliver us from the rejection of the natural law.

Our Lady of the Poor,
deliver us from perduring usury and national debt.

Our Lady of Fire,
deliver us from God’s chastisement, although thoroughly merited.

Our Lady of the Bells,
deliver us from silence in the face of evil.

Our Lady of Good Tidings,
deliver us from deception in and disinformation by the media.

Our Lady of Great Power,
deliver us from foreign entanglements.

Our Lady, Star of the Sea,
deliver us from unexpected storms and disasters.

Our Lady of Safety,
deliver us from onerous bureaucracies.

Our Lady, Queen of the Clergy,
deliver us from faithless priests and prelates.

Our Lady of Ransom,
deliver us from legal inequity.

Our Lady, Immaculate Heart,
deliver us from unclean hearts and lassitude of mind.

Our Lady of the Sacred Heart,
deliver us from a reliance on sentimentality.

Our Lady of the Assumption,
deliver us from the culture of the body.

Our Lady of the Holy Cross,
deliver us from the love of ease and luxury.

Our Lady of Sorrows,
deliver us from deadness of soul.

Our Lady of Miracles,
deliver us from the conceit of technology.

Our Lady of the Star,
deliver us from infidels.

Our Lady of Good Help,
deliver us from dependence on false saviors.

Our Lady of Angels,
deliver us from paganism, witchraft and superstition.

Our Lady of Light,
deliver us from our self-induced blindness.

Our Lady of the Rosary,
deliver us from the neglect of piety.

Our Lady of Life,
deliver us from the culture of death.

Our Lady of Peace,
deliver us from unjust and meddlesome wars.

Our Lady, Queen of Heaven and Earth,
deliver us from the four sins that cry out to Heaven for vengeance.

Our Lady of America,
deliver us from all enemies.

Lamb of God, Who takest away the sins of the world,

Spare us, O Lord.

Lamb of God, Who takest away the sins of the world,

Graciously hear us, O Lord.

Lamb of God, Who takest away the sins of the world,

Have mercy on us.

V. Pray for us, O holy Mother of God, 
R. And obtain for us our own conversion and that of our country.

This prayer was composed by Pope Leo XIII in 1886 and is offered for the private recitation of the faithful in accord with the decree of Inde Ab Aliquot Annis of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, September 29, 1985.

Original Prayer to St. Michael the Archangel

Glorious Prince of the Celestial Host, St. Michael the Archangel, defend us in the conflict which we have to sustain against principalities and powers, against the rulers of the world of darkness, against the spirits of wickedness in the high places (Eph. 6:12). Come to the rescue of men whom God has redeemed at a great price from the tyranny of the devil. It is thou whom Holy Church venerates as her guardian and her protector; thou whom the Lord has charged to conduct redeemed souls into Heaven. Pray therefore, the God of peace, to subdue Satan beneath our feet, that he may no longer retain men captive nor do injury to the Church. Present our prayers to the Most High, that without delay they may draw His mercy down upon us. Seize “the dragon, the ancient serpent, which is the devil and Satan,” bind him and “cast him into the bottomless pit, that he may no longer seduce the nations.” (Rev. 20:2-3)
LITANY VERSION 2 FORWARD

LITANY FOR THE CONVERSION OF AMERICA

Invocations 1
For Private Use.

Lord, have mercy.
Christ, have mercy.
Lord, have mercy. Christ, hear us.
Christ, graciously hear us.
God, the Father of Heaven,
have mercy on us.
God the Son, Redeemer of the World,
have mercy on us.
God the Holy Spirit,
have mercy on us.
Holy Trinity, One God,
have mercy on us.

Our Lady of America,
pray for us.

Immaculate Conception,
pray for us, sinners.

Our Lady of Guadalupe,
deliver us from all infanticide.

Our Lady of Fatima,
deliver us from the errors of Russia.

Our Lady, Queen of Martyrs,
deliver us from spiritual sloth, undue curiosity and unease of mind.

Our Lady, Help of Christians,
deliver us from apostasy.

Our Lady of Refuge,
deliver us from Sodom.

Our Lady, Comfortress of the Afflicted,
deliver us from moral complacency.

Our Lady, Refuge of Sinners,
deliver us from a lack of shamefulness.

Our Lady, Health of the Weak,
deliver us from vain perceptions.

Our Lady, Morning Star,
deliver us from envy and avarice.

Our Lady, Gate of Heaven,
deliver us from impenitence.

Our Lady, Ark of the Covenant,
deliver us from constitutional manipulation.

Our Lady, House of Gold,
deliver us from unjust taxation.

Our Lady, Tower of Ivory,
deliver us from incompetent and corrupt leaders.

Our Lady, Tower of David,
deliver us from political scandals and malice.

Our Lady, Mystical Rose,
deliver us from all scandal and gossip.

Our Lady, Vessel of Singular Devotion,
deliver us from mindless entertainment.

Our Lady, Cause of Our Joy,
deliver us from needless self-pity and sadness.

Our Lady, Virgin Most Faithful,
deliver us from national dissolution and a loss of sovereignty.

Our Lady, Virgin Most Merciful,
deliver us from our own worst inclinations in compromise.

Our Lady, Virgin Most Renowned,
deliver us from the culture of celebrity.

Our Lady, Virgin Most Venerable,
deliver us from cultural depravity and perversion.

Our Lady, Mother of Our Redeemer,
deliver us from heresy and persecution.

Our Lady, Most Amiable,
deliver us from rudeness and incivility.

Our Lady, Mother Undefiled,
deliver us from the all social turpitude.

Our Lady, Mother Most Pure,
deliver us from immodesty in daily life.

Our Lady, Mother of Divine Grace,
deliver us from contraception, sterilization and experimentation.

Our Lady, Holy Mother of God,
deliver us from the rejection of fathers as just heads of families.

Our Lady, O Holy Mary,
deliver us from all blasphemy.

Our Lady of Prosperity,
deliver us from unjust wages and money speculation.

Our Lady of Prompt Succor,
deliver us from socialist tendencies.

Our Lady of Consolation,
deliver us from fear and a lack of courage.

Our Lady of Good Counsel,
deliver us from the deceit of pride.

Our Lady of Good Succor,
deliver us from a lack of due vigilance.

Our Lady of the Dove,
deliver us from the schemes of rash and perilous dreamers.

Our Lady of Lourdes,
deliver us from medically induced suicide.

Our Lady of the Thorn,
deliver us from petty quarrels.

Our Lady of Victory,
deliver us from all lying and dissimulation.

Our Lady, Mediatrix of All Graces,
deliver us from lip service.

Our Lady of Tears,
deliver us from the removal of Christ the King in society.

Our Lady of Divine Providence,
deliver us from ego and false optimism.

Our Lady of Consolation,
deliver us from despair.

Our Lady of Good Remedy,
deliver us from the tyranny of the self-anointed and their ambitious.

Our Lady of Deliverance,
deliver us from broken families.

Our Lady of Confidence,
deliver us from imperial courts of sanctimony.

Our Lady of Mount Carmel,
deliver us from perjurious leaders.

Our Lady of Perpetual Help,
deliver us from the rejection of the natural law.

Our Lady of the Poor,
deliver us from perduring usury and national debt.

Our Lady of Fire,
deliver us from God’s chastisement, although thoroughly merited.

Our Lady of the Bells,
deliver us from silence in the face of evil.

Our Lady of Good Tidings,
deliver us from deception in and disinformation by the media.

Our Lady of Great Power,
deliver us from foreign entanglements.

Our Lady, Star of the Sea,
deliver us from unexpected storms and disasters.

Our Lady of Safety,
deliver us from onerous bureaucracies.

Our Lady, Queen of the Clergy,
deliver us from faithless priests and prelates.

Our Lady of Ransom,
deliver us from legal inequity.

Our Lady, Immaculate Heart,
deliver us from unclean hearts and lassitude of mind.

Our Lady of the Sacred Heart,
deliver us from a reliance on sentimentality.

Our Lady of the Assumption,
deliver us from the culture of the body.

Our Lady of the Holy Cross,
deliver us from the love of ease and luxury.

Our Lady of Sorrows,
deliver us from deadness of soul.

Our Lady of Miracles,
deliver us from the conceit of technology.

Our Lady of the Star,
deliver us from infidels.

Our Lady of Good Help,
deliver us from dependence on false saviors.

Our Lady of Angels,
deliver us from paganism, witchraft and superstition.

Our Lady of Light,
deliver us from our self-induced blindness.

Our Lady of the Rosary,
deliver us from the neglect of piety.

Our Lady of Life,
deliver us from the culture of death.

Our Lady of Peace,
deliver us from unjust and meddlesome wars.

Our Lady, Queen of Heaven and Earth,
deliver us from the four sins that cry out to Heaven for vengeance.

Our Lady of America,
deliver us from all enemies.

Lamb of God, Who takest away the sins of the world,
Spare us, O Lord.

Lamb of God, Who takest away the sins of the world,
Graciously hear us, O Lord.

Lamb of God, Who takest away the sins of the world,
Have mercy on us.

Our Lady of Guadalupe,
deliver us from all infanticide.

Our Lady of Fatima,
deliver us from the errors of Russia.

Our Lady, Queen of Martyrs
deliver us from spiritual sloth, undue curiosity and unease of mind.

Our Lady, Help of Christians,
deliver us from apostasy.

Our Lady of Refuge,
deliver us from Sodom.

Our Lady, Comfortress of the Afflicted,
deliver us from moral complacency.
Our Lady, Refuge of Sinners,
deliver us from a lack of shamefulness.
Our Lady, Health of the Weak,
deliver us from vain perceptions.
Our Lady, Morning Star,
deliver us from envy and avarice.
Our Lady, Gate of Heaven,
deliver us from impenitence.
Our Lady, Ark of the Covenant,
deliver us from constitutional manipulation.
Our Lady, House of Gold,
deliver us from unjust taxation.
Our Lady, Tower of Ivory,
deliver us from incompetent and corrupt leaders.
Our Lady, Tower of David,
deliver us from political scandals and malice.
Our Lady, Mystical Rose,
deliver us from all scandal and gossip.
Our Lady, Vessel of Singular Devotion,
deliver us from mindless entertainment.
Our Lady, Cause of Our Joy,
deliver us from needless self-pity and sadness.
Our Lady, Virgin Most Faithful,
deliver us from national dissolution and a loss of sovereignty.
Our Lady, Virgin Most Merciful,
deliver us from our own worst inclinations in compromise.
Our Lady, Virgin Most Renowned,
deliver us from the culture of celebrity.
Our Lady, Virgin Most Venerable,
deliver us from cultural depravity and perversion.
Our Lady, Mother of Our Redeemer,
deliver us from heresy and persecution.
Our Lady, Most Amiable,
deliver us from rudeness and incivility.
Our Lady, Mother Undefiled,
deliver us from the all social turpitude.
Our Lady, Mother Most Pure,
deliver us from immodesty in daily life.
Our Lady, Mother of Divine Grace,
deliver us from contraception, sterilization and experimentation.
Our Lady, Holy Mother of God,
deliver us from the rejection of fathers as just heads of families.
Our Lady, O Holy Mary,
deliver us from all blasphemy.
Our Lady of Prosperity,
deliver us from unjust wages and money speculation.
Our Lady of Prompt Succor,
deliver us from socialist tendencies.
Our Lady of Consolation
deliver us from fear and a lack of courage.
Our Lady of Good Counsel,
deliver us from the deceit of pride.
Our Lady of Good Succor,
deliver us from a lack of due vigilance.
Our Lady of the Dove,
deliver us from the schemes of rash and perilous dreamers.
Our Lady of Lourdes,
deliver us from medically induced suicide.
Our Lady of the Thorn,
deliver us from petty quarrels.
Our Lady of Victory,
deliver us from all lying and dissimulation.
Our Lady, Mediatrix of All Graces,
deliver us from lip service.
Our Lady of Tears,
deliver us from the removal of Christ the King in society.
Our Lady of Divine Providence,
deliver us from ego and false optimism.
Our Lady of Consolation,
deliver us from despair.
Our Lady of Good Remedy,
deliver us from the tyranny of the self-anointed and their ambitious.
Our Lady of Deliverance,
deliver us from broken families.
Our Lady of Confidence,
deliver us from imperial courts of sanctimony.
Our Lady of Mount Carmel,
deliver us from perjurious leaders.
Our Lady of Perpetual Help,
deliver us from the rejection of the natural law.
Our Lady of the Poor,
deliver us from perduring usury and national debt.
Our Lady of Fire,
deliver us from God’s chastisement, although thoroughly merited.
Our Lady of the Bells,
deliver us from silence in the face of evil.
Our Lady of Good Tidings,
deliver us from deception in and disinformation by the media.
Our Lady of Great Power,
deliver us from foreign entanglements.
Our Lady, Star of the Sea,
deliver us from unexpected storms and disasters.
Our Lady of Safety,
deliver us from onerous bureaucracies.
Our Lady, Queen of the Clergy,
deliver us from faithless priests and prelates.
Our Lady of Ransom,
deliver us from legal inequity.
Our Lady, Immaculate Heart,
deliver us from unclean hearts and lassitude of mind.
Our Lady of the Sacred Heart,
deliver us from a reliance on sentimentality.
Our Lady of the Assumption,
deliver us from the culture of the body.
Our Lady of the Holy Cross,
deliver us from the love of ease and luxury.
Our Lady of Sorrows,
deliver us from deadness of soul.
Our Lady of Miracles,
deliver us from the conceit of technology.
Our Lady of the Star,
deliver us from infidels.
Our Lady of Good Help,
deliver us from dependence on false saviors.
Our Lady of Angels,
deliver us from paganism, witchraft and superstition.
Our Lady of Light,
deliver us from our self-induced blindness.
Our Lady of the Rosary,
deliver us from the neglect of piety.
Our Lady of Life,
deliver us from the culture of death.
Our Lady of Peace,
deliver us from unjust and meddlesome wars.
Our Lady, Queen of Heaven and Earth,
deliver us from the four sins that cry out to Heaven for vengeance.
Our Lady of America,
deliver us from all enemies.
Lamb of God, Who takest away the sins of the world,
Spare us, O Lord.
Lamb of God, Who takest away the sins of the world,
Graciously hear us, O Lord.
Lamb of God, Who takest away the sins of the world,
Have mercy on us.

V. Pray for us, O holy Mother of God,
R. And obtain for us our own conversion and that of our country.
The following prayer was composed by Pope Leo XIII in 1886 and is offered for the private recitation of the faithful in accord with the decree of Inde Ab Aliquot Annis of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, September 29, 1985.
Original Prayer to St. Michael the Archangel

Glorious Prince of the Celestial Host, St. Michael the Archangel, defend us in the conflict which we have to sustain against principalities and powers, against the rulers of the world of darkness, against the spirits of wickedness in the high places (Eph. 6:12). Come to the rescue of men whom God has redeemed at a great price from the tyranny of the devil. It is thou whom Holy Church venerates as her guardian and her protector; thou whom the Lord has charged to conduct redeemed souls into Heaven. Pray therefore, the God of peace, to subdue Satan beneath our feet, that he may no longer retain men captive nor do injury to the Church. Present our prayers to the Most High, that without delay they may draw His mercy down upon us. Seize “the dragon, the ancient serpent, which is the devil and Satan,” bind him and “cast him into the bottomless pit, that he may no longer seduce the nations.” (Rev. 20:2-3)

LITANY FOR THE CONVERSION OF AMERICA Invocations 2

 LITANY FOR THE CONVERSION OF AMERICA Invocations 2

For Private Use.

Lord, have mercy. 

Christ, have mercy. 

Lord, have mercy. Christ, hear us. 

Christ, graciously hear us.

Our Lady of America, 

pray for us.

Immaculate Conception,

succor us not to offend God anymore.

Our Lady of Guadalupe,

succor us in the will to subdue all infanticide.

Our Lady of Fatima,

succor us to secure the Consecration of Russia to thine Immaculate Heart.

Our Lady of Refuge,

succor us in routing the plaque of perversity.

Our Lady, Comfortress of the Afflicted,

succor us in defense of that which has been left unguarded in laxity.

Our Lady, Health of the Weak,

succor us in humility.

Our Lady, Morning Star,

succor us in fraternal and Divine charity.

Our Lady, Gate of Heaven,

succor us to seek the will of the One True God in all things.

Our Lady, Ark of the Covenant,

succor us with courage to uphold the rights of God and His commandments.

Our Lady, House of Gold,

succor us in the just limits of government.

Our Lady, Tower of Ivory,

succor us the love of virtue and justice.

Our Lady, Tower of David,

succor us in the love of temperance and honor.

Our Lady, Mystical Rose,

succor us in the virtue of holy silence.

Our Lady, Vessel of Singular Devotion,

succor us in a rejection of self-love.

Our Lady, Cause of Our Joy,

succor us in gratitude to God.

Our Lady, Virgin Most Faithful,

succor us to the defense of our one nation under God.

Our Lady, Virgin Most Merciful,

succor us in prudence in self-government.

Our Lady, Virgin Most Venerable,

succor us in repentance for moral depravity.

Our Lady, Mother of Our Redeemer,

succor us to convert this nation one soul at a time.

Our Lady, Mother Undefiled,

succor us in the proper example of righteousness.

Our Lady, Mother Most Pure,

succor us in the advocacy of Marylike standards of modesty.

Our Lady, Mother of Divine Grace,

succor us in the Divine order of nature and holy motherhood.

Our Lady, Holy Mother of God,

succor us to defend the most defenseless among us.

Our Lady, O Holy Mary,

succor us to revere the name of the One True God.

Our Lady of Prosperity,

succor us to forsake pragmatism for holy principle.

Our Lady of Consolation

succor us in resisting evil whatever it costs.

Our Lady of Good Counsel,

succor us patience and persistence.

Our Lady of Good Succor,

succor us upholding Truth.

Our Lady of the Dove,

succor us in rejecting the vanity of the things of this world.

Our Lady of Lourdes,

succor us in resisting the culture of death.

Our Lady of the Thorn,

succor us in Christian discourse and logic.

Our Lady of Victory,

succor us in avoiding false compromise.

Our Lady, Mediatrix of All Graces,

succor us in rejecting hypocrisy.

Our Lady of Tears,

succor us in the chastisement we must endure.

Our Lady of Divine Providence,

succor us in self-negation.

Our Lady of Consolation,

succor us in the virtue of hope.

Our Lady of Good Remedy,

succor us to not be confounded and demoralized.

Our Lady of Deliverance,

succor us to defend and uphold the traditional family.

Our Lady of Confidence,

succor us to pray for and promote humble lawmakers.

Our Lady of Mount Carmel,

succor us to exhort men of true faith to rise in leadership.

Our Lady of Perpetual Help,

succor us in upholding and explaining the natural law.

Our Lady of the Poor,

succor us in the restoration of property as taught by Holy Church. 

Our Lady of Fire,

succor us in holy zeal for the things of God.

Our Lady of the Bells,

succor us in courage to be outspoken in the face of evil.

Our Lady of Great Power,

succor us in resisting tyranny.

Our Lady, Star of the Sea,

succor us in all our trials and coming tribulations.

Our Lady of Safety,

succor us in common sense and the nobility of simplicity.

Our Lady, Queen of the Clergy,

succor us in praying for holy and humble priests and bishops.

Our Lady of Ransom,

succor us in overcoming the deadly ideas of the politically correctness.

Our of the Sacred Heart,

succor us in thinking with the mind of Tradition.

Our Lady of the Assumption,

succor us in conquering concupiscence.

Our Lady of the Holy Cross,

succor us in making sacrifice for sinners.

Our Lady of Sorrows,

succor us in piety.

Our Lady of the Star,

  succor us in withstanding false gods.

Our Lady of Good Help,

succor us in pleading for the mercy of God.

Our Lady of Light,

succor us in the knowledge suitable for our state of life.

Our Lady of the Rosary,

succor us in true devotion to thee.

Our Lady of Life,

succor us defending the sanctity of human life whatever the price.

Our Lady of Peace,

succor us in our families that we be rendered unto the Holy Family.

Our Lady, Queen of Heaven and Earth,

succor us into eternity.

Our Lady of America,

succor us to covert our enemies.

Lamb of God, Who takest away the sins of the world,
Spare us, O Lord.
Lamb of God, Who takest away the sins of the world,
Graciously hear us, O Lord.
Lamb of God, Who takest away the sins of the world,
Have mercy on us.

V. Pray for us, O holy Mother of God,
R. And obtain for us our own conversion and that of our country.

New study of the Turin Shroud

Vatican Insider July 13, 2017
New study shows Man of the Shroud had “dislocated” arms

Four university professors have published an article in “Injury” magazine revealing that the crucified man that was wrapped in the Turin Shroud [(TS)] suffered a dislocation of the humerus, the paralysis of one arm and a violent trauma to the neck and chest. There are also traces of a double wrist-nailing

The Man of the Shroud “underwent an under glenoidal dislocation of the humerus on the right side and lowering of the shoulder, and has a flattened hand and enophthalmos; conditions that have not been described before, despite several studies on the subject. These injuries indicate that the Man suffered a violent blunt trauma to the neck, chest and shoulder from behind, causing neuromuscular damage and lesions of the entire brachial plexus.”


This is the conclusion four university professors arrived at in an in-depth study they carried out on the image of the crucified Man on the Turin Shroud. They observed that “the posture of the left claw-hand is indicative of an injury of the lower brachial plexus, as is the crossing of the hands on the pubis, not above the pubis as it would normally be, and are related to traction of the limbs as a result of the nailing to the patibulum.” Only part of the study has been published so far in Injury , the prestigious International Journal of the Care of the Injured. The rest of the study is to follow shortly. The four experts involved in the research are: Matteo Bevilacqua of the Hospital-University of Padua, Italy; Giulio Fanti of the Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Padua, Italy; Michele D’Arienzo of the Orthopaedic Clinic at the University of Palermo, Italy and Raffaele De Caro of the Institute of Anatomy at the University of Padua, Italy.

The first discovery the four experts made, is that the Man of the Shroud underwent a dislocation of the shoulder and paralysis of the right arm. The person whose figure is imprinted on the Shroud is believed to have collapsed under the weight of the cross, or the “patibulum” as it is referred to in the study, the horizontal part of the cross. The Man of the Shroud the academics explain, fell “forwards” and suffered a “violent” knock” “while falling to the ground.” “Neck and shoulder muscle paralysis” were “caused by a heavy object hitting the back between the neck and shoulder and causing displacement of the head from the side opposite to the shoulder depression. In this case, the nerves of the upper brachial plexus (particularly branches C5 and C6) are violently stretched resulting in an Erb-Duchenne paralysis (as occurs in dystocia) because of loss of motor innervation to the deltoid, supraspinatus, infraspinatus, biceps, supinator, brachioradialis and rhomboid muscles.” At this point it would have been impossible for the cross bearer to go on holding it and this brings to mind the passage in the Gospel which describes how the soldiers forced Simon of Cyrene to pick up Jesus’ cross. Not an act of compassion therefore, but of necessity. This explains why “the right shoulder is lower than the left by 10±5 degrees” and The right eye is retracted in the orbit” because of the paralysis of the entire arm, the academics say.

The second discovery described in the Injury article is to do with the double nailing of the Man’s hands: Until now, experts could not explain the absence of thumbprints. The four academics can now reveal that “the lack of thumbprints of both hands on the TS is related not only to a lesion of the median nerve that causes only a slight flexion of the thumb, but also, particularly, to the fact that the nail driven into the wrist has pulled or injured the flexor pollicis longus tendon causing its dragging in the hole and the complete retraction of the thumb.”

Why the double nailing?One plausible reason could be that the Man’s executioners were unable to nail his hands into the holes that had already been specially punched into the cross to prevent the nails from bending when they were hammered into the hard wood. Once the first wrist was nailed to the cross they failed to nail the second one using the pre-prepared hole and so the executioners had to unnail both wrists. They then apparently drove the nails in lower down between the two rows of carpal bones, on the ulnar side of the hand.

The third discovery is to do with the right foot of the Man of the Shroud: it was nailed to the cross twice. An analysis of the imprint of the sole of the right foot shows two nails were driven into it: one between the second and third metatarsal and another at heel level which other academics had not spotted clearly.

According to the four experts, the Man of the Shroud definitely suffered a very serious and widespread pain accompanied by an intense sensation of heat, and usually shock when there is event he slightest limb movement. This was caused by a total paralysis of the right arm, the nailing of the left arm because of damage to the median nerve and the nailing of the feet because of damage to the tibial nerves. This method of nailing led to breathing impairment: with the arms raised at an approximately 15 degree angle causing the ribcage to expand, the lungs had difficulty expiring, reducing air flow. In addition to this, each deep breath the Man took to speak or to catch his breath will have put a strain on the lower limbs causing him intense pain.

According to the authors of the Injury article, the serum stains, which are separate to the stains of blood that came from the chest and were probably caused by the stabbing with a spear after he had died, were formed as a result of bleeding in the lungs. This bleeding will have started before the crucifixion, after the violent fall which caused the cross to fall onto the Man’s shoulders. The academics do not agree on the theories presented so far which claim that the blood leak on the side was caused by a spear wound in the pericardium because if the heart is pierced the pericardial sac can hold between 50 to 300 ml of blood which would have deposited itself on the diaphragm, without draining outwards.

Finally, the authors of the article put forward their theory on the Man of the Shroud’s immediate cause of death. Restricted breathing and the presence of the haemothorax which put pressure on the right lung were not enough to bring about death by asphyxia. Asphyxia involves an inability to breath which results in loss of conscience and coma. The four experts say the fall and/or the flagellation have caused not only a pulmonary contusion but also a cardiac contusion. This, together with the serious clinical and mental condition the Man was in, may have led to a heart attack and a broken heart.

In their conclusion, Bevilacqua, Fanti, D’Arienzo and De Caro write that “from correspondences here and elsewhere detected between TS Man and the description of Jesus’s Passion in the Gospels and Christian Tradition, the authors provide further evidence in favour of the hypothesis that TS Man is Jesus of Nazareth.” 

SCOPRI LA STAMPA TUTTODIGITALE E ABBONATI
LEGGI ANCHE

LITANY FOR THE CONVERSION OF AMERICA

Invocations II

For Private Use.

Lord, have mercy.
Christ, have mercy.

Lord, have mercy. Christ, hear us.
Christ, graciously hear us.

Our Lady of America,
pray for us.

The Immaculate Conception,
help us not to offend God anymore.

Our Lady of Guadalupe,
help us in the will to subdue all infanticide.

Our Lady of Fatima,
help us to secure the Consecration of Russia to thine Immaculate Heart.

Our Lady of Refuge,
help us in routing the plaque of perversity.

Our Lady, Comfortress of the Afflicted,
help us in defense of that which has been left unguarded in laxity.

Our Lady, Health of the Weak,
help us in humility.

Our Lady, Morning Star,
help us in fraternal and Divine charity.

Our Lady, Gate of Heaven,
help us to seek the will of the One True God in all things.

Our Lady, Ark of the Covenant,
help us with courage to uphold the rights of God and His commandments.

Our Lady, House of Gold,
help us in the just limits of government.

Our Lady, Tower of Ivory,
help us in the love of virtue and justice.

Our Lady, Tower of David,
help us in the love of temperance and honor.

Our Lady, Mystical Rose,
help us in the virtue of holy silence.

Our Lady, Vessel of Singular Devotion,
help us in a rejection of self-love.

Our Lady, Cause of Our Joy,
help us in gratitude to God.

Our Lady, Virgin Most Faithful,
help us in the defense of our one nation under God.

Our Lady, Virgin Most Merciful,
help us in prudence in self-government.

Our Lady, Virgin Most Venerable,
help us in repentance for moral depravity.

Our Lady, Mother of Our Redeemer,
help us to convert this nation one soul at a time.

Our Lady, Mother Undefiled,
help us in the proper example of righteousness.

Our Lady, Mother Most Pure,
help us in the advocacy of Marylike standards of modesty.

Our Lady, Mother of Divine Grace,
help us in the Divine order of nature and holy motherhood.

Our Lady, Holy Mother of God,
help us to defend the most defenseless among us.

Our Lady, O Holy Mary,
help us to revere the name of the One True God.

Our Lady of Prosperity,
help us to forsake pragmatism for holy principle.

Our Lady of Consolation
help us in resisting evil whatever it costs.

Our Lady of Good Counsel,
help us in patience and persistence.

Our Lady of Good Succor,
help us in upholding Truth.

Our Lady of the Dove,
help us in rejecting the vanity of the things of this world.

Our Lady of Lourdes,
help us in resisting the culture of death.

Our Lady of the Thorn,
help us in Christian discourse and logic.

Our Lady of Victory,
help us in avoiding false compromise.

Our Lady, Mediatrix of All Graces,
help us in rejecting hypocrisy.

Our Lady of Tears,
help us in the chastisement we must endure.

Our Lady of Divine Providence,
help us in self-negation.

Our Lady of Consolation,
help us in the virtue of hope.

Our Lady of Good Remedy,
help us, not to be confounded and demoralized.

Our Lady of Deliverance,
help us to defend and uphold the traditional family.

Our Lady of Confidence,
help us to pray for and promote humble lawmakers.

Our Lady of Mount Carmel,
help us to exhort men of true faith to rise in leadership.

Our Lady of Perpetual Help,
help us in upholding and explaining the natural law.

Our Lady of the Poor,
help us in the restoration of property as taught by Holy Church.

Our Lady of Fire,
help us in holy zeal for the things of God.

Our Lady of the Bells,
help us in courage to be outspoken in the face of evil.

Our Lady of Great Power,
help us in resisting tyranny.

Our Lady, Star of the Sea,
help us in all our trials and coming tribulations.

Our Lady of Safety,
help us to have common sense and the nobility of simplicity.

Our Lady, Queen of the Clergy,
help us in praying for holy and humble priests and bishops.

Our Lady of Ransom,
help us in overcoming the deadly ideas of the politically correctness.

Our Lady of the Sacred Heart,
help us in thinking with the mind of Church and Country Tradition.

Our Lady of the Assumption,
help us in conquering concupiscence.

Our Lady of the Holy Cross,
help us in making sacrifice for sinners.

Our Lady of Sorrows,
help us in piety.

Our Lady of the Star,
help us in withstanding false gods.

Our Lady of Good Help,
help us in pleading for the mercy of God.

Our Lady of Light,
help us in the knowledge suitable for our state of life.

Our Lady of the Rosary,
help us in true devotion to thee.

Our Lady of Life,
help us defending the sanctity of human life whatever the price.

Our Lady of Peace,
help us in our families that we be rendered unto the Holy Family.

Our Lady, Queen of Heaven and Earth,
help us into eternity.

Our Lady of America,
help us to covert our enemies.

Lamb of God, Who takest away the sins of the world,
Spare us, O Lord.
Lamb of God, Who takest away the sins of the world,
Graciously hear us, O Lord.
Lamb of God, Who takest away the sins of the world,
Have mercy on us.

V. Pray for us, O holy Mother of God,
R. And obtain for us our own conversion and that of our country.

The orginal prayer was composed by Pope Leo XIII in 1886 and is offered for the private recitation of the faithful in accord with the decree of Inde Ab Aliquot Annis of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, September 29, 1985.