Defending the Catholic Church

New Book Is Useful Guide for Clearing up Misunderstandings

By Father John Flynn, LC
ROME, MAY 29, 2011 ( Anti-Catholicism might be the last acceptable prejudice in society today, but Canadian author and journalist Michael Coren isn’t going to take it lying down.
In his recently published book, “Why Catholics Are Right,” (McClelland and Stewart) he examines a number of common criticisms of the Church. Coren, born into a secular family, with a Jewish father, became a Catholic in his mid-20s.
Being Jewish has helped him in his career, he says, but as he explained in the book’s introduction, his Catholic beliefs have caused two job losses and many closed doors in the media.
He commenced with a topic that he said he didn’t want to write and that he should not have had to write, namely the clergy abuse scandal. He acknowledged the immense damage caused to many people as a result of the abuses, but also argued that some of the criticism went beyond what was justified.
The abuse says nothing specific about Catholicism, Coren insisted. Critics who are eager to prove that the abuse was linked to the structures or teachings of the Church ignore the fact that abuse by clergy occurs in other churches and religions at the same or even higher rates.
As a result of the lessons learned from the abuse scandal the Catholic Church is now one of the safest places for a young person to be, Coren stated. These events should rightly lead to a condemnation of the abuses, but not to a condemnation of the Church, he concluded.
Another chapter deals with historical events, such as the Crusades and the Inquisition. It’s true that the Church did not always act in the best matter, he admitted, but overall the Church was mostly ethically ahead of its time and a force for good, he argued.
On the matter of the Crusades, Coren pointed out that the Holy Land was Christian and subsequently invaded by Muslims.
It is wrong to consider the Crusades as some kind of imperialism or colonialism, according to Coren. Far from being an exercise in exploitation and reaping profits, many noble families were bankrupted by the expense of arming a knight and maintaining him and his retinue.
Modern research has disproved the affirmation that many crusaders were the sons of poor families looking for plunder. In fact, they were often the cream of European chivalry, Coren explained.
In the territories conquered by the Crusades the Muslim population was able to continue its normal life and there wasn’t even any serious attempt to convert them to Christianity. What can we conclude about the Crusades, Coren asked.
“They were not the proudest moment of Christian history but nor were they the childish caricature of modern Western guilt and certainly not that of contemporary Muslim paranoia,” he said.
Turning to the Inquisition he observed that the underlying premise is that Catholics are nastier than anyone else and that only the Church could organize something like the Inquisition.
This is simply ridiculous, he stated. For a start more men and women were slaughtered in a couple of weeks of the atheistic French Revolution than in a century of the Inquisition. There were also inquisitions in a number of Protestant nations, he noted, aimed particularly at those suspected of witchcraft.
The purpose of the Inquisition was to combat doctrinal errors and heresies, with the aim of bringing people back to the Church, Coren explained. Torture did exist, but it was carried out mainly by secular authorities. The Inquisition used it no more and usually less than other judicial bodies of the time, he added.
Most of the criticism centers on the Spanish Inquisition. In an aside Coren wondered why so little attention is paid to the massacres and torture of many Catholics by Henry VIII and Queen Elizabeth I in England.
It’s true that in the early days the popes did support the Spanish Inquisition but it soon became an organ of the state and monarchy. After the final defeat of the Muslims in Spain a large number converted from Islam or Judaism to Catholicism.
Many were genuine, but as it was politically and economically advantageous to be a Catholic some who converted were not genuine. This led to the investigations by the Inquisition about the situation of those who had converted.
There were certainly abuses committed, Coren said, but while Spain might have been a flawed society it did not experience the bloody civil wars of religion that affected many other European countries.
The Inquisition went mainly unnoticed until the mid-19th century when anti-Catholic writers used and distorted it to attack the Church, according to Coren.
Another frequent criticism of the Church is about its wealth. “We’re hit with the old regular that the Church is dripping with money while the rest of the world starves,” Coren commented.
Yes, there is a lot of wealth at the Vatican, in the museums that are open for all to visit. The Church has preserved these works of art for centuries and keeps them as a patrimony for humanity.
Selling the artwork and giving away the money would just be a one-off event whose benefits would soon be over. Instead, the artistic treasures are kept for the future, available to all, instead of being locked away in private collections.
Moreover, Coren added, the Catholic Church builds and runs hospitals, schools and does an enormous amount of charitable work around the world.
One of the chapters is dedicated to the subject of life and sexuality. The Church is often under attack for its stand on matters ranging from abortion to condoms and contraceptives.
The position the Catholic Church takes in this area is not only based on moral beliefs but is also supported by science and human rights, Coren argued.
The affirmation that a new life exists from the moment of conception has solid biological foundation, he said. The fetus is a distinct human life and as such should have a right to exist. In spite of this, in recent years pro-lifers have often been depicted as extreme zealots.
Moreover, while contemporary society considers itself to be more progressive and tolerant than at any time in the past, the disabled or handicapped in the womb are now deliberately targeted and killed.
When it comes to the Church’s opposition to the use of embryonic stem cells for research, this is used by opponents to accuse it of being an obstacle to a cure for sicknesses and diseases that could be overcome in the very near future.
The truth is, however, there have been no successful cures with embryonic stem cells, in contrast to the successes obtained with adult stem cells, which is not opposed by the Church, Coren pointed out.
On the subject of condoms and contraceptives the Church warned decades ago that their availability would be harmful to society. In fact, Coren said, since that warning there has been a steady rise in sexually transmitted diseases, divorce, family breakdown and sexuality has been downgraded from what should be a loving act into a mere exchange of bodily fluids.
The vilification of the Church and Benedict XVI for being opposed to the use of condoms in the effort to control AIDS is yet another case of injustice, Coren said. Relying on the use of condoms simply hasn’t worked in Africa. Instead programs based on abstinence and fidelity have had the greatest success.
Coren’s book deals with many other topics and he pulls no punches in defending the Church against what he considers ill-informed attacks. It should prove a useful aid for those interested in replying to the only too frequent swipes against the Church.

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